Two-Year and Four-Year College In our modern world, most high school graduates find it essential to continue their education and training beyond high school. The average annual income for individuals with an Associate's Degree (two-year) is almost twice what someone with only a high school diploma can earn. The earnings for a Bachelor's Degree (four-year) can be three times more. Some students who begin their college studies at a two-year college go on to earn their Bachelor's Degree. Regardless of your future goals, planning is essential. The following information should be considered as you select your high school courses.
Community/Junior College Some students find that their plans to attend college are better fulfilled at a Community/Junior College. Community and Junior Colleges fall into two categories:
- colleges which generally do not provide housing (Community Colleges)
- colleges that usually have dormitory facilities (Junior Colleges)
Generally, Community/Junior Colleges do not require 16 academic units, nor do they require SAT/ACT scores for admission. Depending upon the program of study, there may be specific course work required at the high school level, or special entrance tests for particular programs.
At many schools a Minimum Basic Skills Test is required for placement into college level courses. It is recommended that students research schools and programs of interest to them and consult with their counselors.
Four-Year College Students planning to apply to four-year colleges will want to develop the strongest possible academic record. There is not one program that is right for everyone, but you should keep the following information in mind:
Admission to college is based on a picture of the applicant obtained from the examination of:
- The scholastic record (rigor of courses taken, final grades earned, grade point average, and number of academic units accrued )
- Results on college admissions tests, such as the ACT, SAT & SAT II (Subject Area Tests)
- Recommendations written on behalf of the student
- The quality, not quantity, of participation in extra-curricular school and community activities
- Personal interviews
- Content and presentation of the written application, including any required essays
- English: 4 units
- College-Prep Mathematics: 3 - 5 units
- Science: 3 - 5 units (at least 2 lab sciences)
- Social Studies: 3 - 5 units
- Foreign Language: 2 - 5 units (of the same language)