K - 2   A D D I T I O N/S U B T R A C T I O N    S T R A T E G I E S

1. Use manipulatives  - Use objects around the house to solve addition and subtraction problems.  Some items you might use are: blocks, popsicle sticks, pennies, beans,
crayons, beads, etc. 

2. Use a ruler or number line - Have your child put his/her finger on the higher number and count up the lower number.  For example 6 + 2, child places his/her finger on number 6, then counts up two more numbers on the ruler and lands on 8.  To subtract, start at the highest number and count back.

3. Count on/Count back - Mentally start with the higher number
and count on the lower number in your head.  For example, 3 + 5,
child thinks 5 and then says 6, 7, 8 in his/her head.

To subtract, child starts with the highest number and counts back.

4. Use flash cards – A focus on memorization should follow understanding.


5. Use your fingers

Try this Math Website

A+ Math www.aplusmath.com